Now showing items 1-20 of 43

      Authors Name
      In the article the most complex type of children’s literature – youth literature – is discussed. Since it refers to the contemporary period, the author briefly reminds the reader that not so long ago it became possible to talk about achievements in teen literature, because there was not so many books in this genre. The article discusses the features of genre composition of the modern teen literature, its major themes and issues, provides the idea of the main types of conflicts, types of characters, as well as some methods of the development of the action. A great deal of attention is given to a new type of a teenager and it is considered that the presence of this type of a teenager changes the way of narration, the attention of an author and the reader’s perception of the character. The advantages of the contemporary literature for teenagers, which are pointed out in the analytical review of the article, provide an opportunity to predict its successful dynamics. [1]
      Kozachyshyna, Oksana [1]
      Letiucha, Liubov Petrivna [1]
      Mel`nik, Tat`yana [1]
      Melnik, Tetiana Mykolaivna [2]
      Melnyk, Tetiana [1]
      Petrov, Oleksandr Oleksandrovych [4]
      Pradivlianna, Liudmyla [1]
      Taratuta, Svetlana [1]
      Taratuta, Svitlana [1]
      The aim of the article is to contrast the lexicographic portrait with the psycholinguistic image of the concept UNIVERSITY through the structure of the associative area, that was created in linguistic consciousness of students who study at Pereiaslav- Khmelnytskyi state pedagogical Hrygorii Skovoroda university. Processing of the linguistic material determined the usage of those methods as: methodology of free associative experiment to define psycholinguistic meaning of the concept; analyses of dictionery definitions as one of systematic methods and generalisation method of dictionery definitions for lexicographic analyses of concepts linguistic representation; elements of methodology of cognitive and semantic description of word meaning, that is used for comparing of lexicographic and psycholinguistic portrait of the studied concept. [1]
      The article analyzes the problems of becoming a teenager − the hero of D. Mitchell's novel " Black Swan Green ". Attention is focused on the main factors that influence personality formation: family, peers, inner self of the hero. [1]
      The article focuses on the structure of the notional component of the concept “agreement” in English, German and Turkish. Agreement is considered as a linguistic and cultural concept, which is a combination of all semantic elements of agreement. The concept “agreement” consists of notional, figurative and value components. The determination of the notional component of this concept implied the analysis of the constituents of its nominal field, which is heterogeneous since it contains both direct nominations of the concept (core) and the nominations of its individual cognitive attributes (periphery). The study of the concept as a mental unit involved the investigation of the means of its linguistic objectification, which envisaged the definition of direct nomination of agreement in English, German and Turkish, analysis of etymological features of the concept; definition of system synonyms of the name of the concept based on the analysis of dictionary definitions, interpretations, articles; analysis of phraseological units and parames containing the concept name; directed and receptive psycholinguistic experiments. [1]
      The article is devoted to American postmodernism, its iconic texts and the most interesting representatives from Jack Kerouac, William Burroughs, Richard Brautigan, William Gaddis, Donald Barthelme, John Hawkes to Joseph Heller, Kurt Vonnegut, Thomas Pynchon, David Foster Wallace. The article mentions experimental, intellectual, innovative texts of modern American literature, which fundamentally rethought old artistic conventions and established new rules of the genre game. It has been proven that postmodernism, as a general name for certain trends in art, emerged after modernism and avant-garde. It is considered as a whole, multi-meaning, dynamic, dependent on the social and national environment, a complex of artistic, philosophical scientific and theoretical ideas, distanced from classical and neoclassical literature, as a direction in art, which is characterized by a departure from the aesthetic criteria and traditions of classical art. The article attempts to prove that postmodernism did not appear instead of modernism, but as an addition to it or as a continuation of modernism. The authors prove that modernism, which arose from the denial of past foundations and created many new ones, eventually lost the potential for further development, because development without a connection with the past is impossible. The article proves that, in contrast to modernism, postmodernism is built on the combination and mixing of different styles. At the same time, postmodernism can also be considered a denial, for example, of monotony and monotony, which gradually began to manifest in modernism. However, the symbiosis and pluralism of cultures corresponded to the trends of the second half of the 20th century to a greater extent, and therefore developed. Among other main features of postmodernism, intertextuality, non-linear organization of the text, double code, lack of authorial position are considered. [1]
      The article is devoted to the comparative research in the sphere of literature and cinematography. The question of the proximity between the film adaption and literary work, which it is based on, is considered. There is an attempt of comparative analysis of R.Bradbury’s novel «Fahrenheit 451» and its film adaption of 2018. The visual means of implementing the author's concept in the film are analyzed. The plot, figurative system and ideological orientation of the literary work and its film version are subjected to comparison. Conclusions are drawn about a significant departure in the film from the literary source, which contributed to the weakening of the problem. [1]
      The article is devoted to the problem of upbringing in the works of foreign literature of the 50s-60s of the 20th century and the role of artistic works in the formation of personality. The object of the study is the works "Lord of the Flies" by W. Golding, "The Collector" by J. Fowles, "Hello, Sadness" by F. Sagan and "The Catcher in the Rye" by J. D. Salinger, whose characters, children, teenagers or young people, are in the process of becoming a person. The influence of the family and the environment on the process of upbringing is traced. Various aspects of this problem, emphasized by the authors of the works, and the views of writers on the ways to solve it are analyzed. [1]
      The purpose of this paper is to analyze B. Schlink's novel "The Reader" examines the problem of dehumanization, that is considered because of the introduction of totalitarian ideology, which provides for various manifestations of segregation. Hermeneutical, cultural-historical, and comparative methods were used in the study. The documentary basis of Hannah Schmitz as a work's main image is emphasized. A comparative analysis of the heroine of the work and her prototype is made, characterological and behavioral differences are determined, as well as the reasons for the author's departure from the realistic basis. This approach makes it possible to give the problem of the entire German nation guilt for the Nazis crimes. The article analyzes the main character's attempts to understand the degree of the heroine's crime and its psychological background. The narrator views Hannah's actions through the prism of the Nazi ideology as the state one during the Third Reich and the final solution of the Jewish question as the main component of this ideology. Awareness of the dehumanization idea by the narrator-hero in the work is shown through the system of images of the work. B. Schlink's novel "The Reader" also uses elements of comparative analysis to solve the problem of dehumanization. For this purpose, the author analyzes the image of the hero-narrator of the novel by J. Littell of "The Kindly Ones" Maximilien Aue, an SS officer who participated in the mass extermination of Jews. Intellectual and thinker Aue demonstrates complete dehumanization under the influence of Nazi ideology. The images of the heroine of B. Schlink's novel "The Reader" and the mother of the main character's mother in J. Boyne's novel "The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas" are compared. The antithesis is defined as one of the leading artistic techniques, and examples of its use in the work are given. The article highlights the fact that the novel shows how the Nazi system embodied the dehumanization of Jews to justify the need for their extermination. But by dehumanizing the victims, the system dehumanized both the executioners and their minions. It is concluded that the novel focuses on the violation by racist Nazi ideology of the human life a priori value laid down in the theory of humanism. To emphasize this fact, a comparative analysis of B. Schlink's work "The Reader" and W. Styron's novel "Sophie's Choice" is used, where a similar problem is raised. [1]
      Yamchynska, Tamara Ivanivna [1]
      Yumrukuz, Anastasiia Anatoliivna [1]
      Zavatskyi, Vadym Yuriiovych [1]